Lepto

What is it?

Leptospirosis (lepto for short) is a serious bacterial disease of dogs, multiple animal species and humans that occurs in countries around the world. In the United States, it has become an increasing concern in recent years, especially in cities and suburbs. The main reason is growing populations of wildlife, like raccoons and skunks, which carry disease and infect dogs indirectly. Dogs can get sick even if they never come into direct contact with infected animals.
Lepto has been diagnosed in all types of dogs. All breeds and sizes of dogs are at risk. Lepto can be a very serious disease and can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early. It generally attacks a dogs liver and kidneys, and can lead to organ damage or failure. But if caught early, it responds well to antibiotics, and fortunately, vaccination can help prevent lepto. 

Prevalent Serovars

  

L. grippotyphosa

currently most common and increasing; leading infectious cause of acute renal failure in dogs.

L. pomona

currently common and increasing; leading infectious cause of acute renal failure in dogs.

L. icterohaemorrhagiae

traditionally common and decreasing, possibly due to widespread vaccination containing this serovar; can cause severe liver disease and jaundice.

L. canicola

traditionally common and decreasing, possibly due to widespread vaccination containing this serovar; can cause severe liver disease and jaundice.

Reservoir Hosts

 

Raccoon, skunk, opossum, small rodents and squirrels.

Skunk, raccoon, opossum, cow, pig and deer.

Rat and Pig.

Dog

TAKE OUR RISK TEST

Lepto carriers can reside in urban, suburban and rural areas. Take our Risk Assessment to see your dog's risk level.

THE BEST PREVENTION

Lepto is largely vaccine preventable. Most vaccines have four serovars to fight against today's most common serovars.

CASE STUDIES

Reading about real pets who were diagnosed with leptospirosis.